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Department of Physics at the University of Bayreuth

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This page gives an overview of some of the possible elective subjects in the master's degree in physics. Not all lectures are offered every year. The complete list including all possible combinations can be found here.

Biological Physics

Experimental Methods in Biological PhysicsHide
  • Preparative methods (cell culture, etc.)
  • Atomic force and electron microscopy
  • Quantitative light microscopy methods
  • Optical and magnetic tweezers
Experimental and Statistical Biological Physics Hide
  • Intracellular transport and cell migration
  • Dynamics and self-assembly of membranes
  • Fundamentals of structure and pattern formation
  • Basics of chemoreception
Introduction to cell mechanicsHide
  • Intracellular transport and molecular motors
  • Mechanics and dynamics of cytoskeletal filaments and membranes
  • Mechanical properties of complex systems (cytoskeletal networks and cells)
Physics of cellular signal processingHide
  • Neuronal signal processing
  • Cellular concentration detection and chemotaxis
  • Mechanotransduction

Optics, spectroscopy and organic semiconductors

Principles of Optical SpectroscopyHide
  • Fundamentals of static spectroscopy
  • Fundamentals of time-resolved spectroscopy
  • Spectroscopy of molecular aggregates
  • Single Molecule Spectroscopy
Coherent spectroscopyHide
  • The spin 1/2 system
  • Bloch equations
  • Density matrix representation of the Bloch equations
  • Example of 2D spectroscopy and quantum optics
Plasmonics and nano-opticsHide

The topics are oriented to current scientific articles and vary from year to year.

  • Quantifying the magnetic nature of light emission
  • Systematic determination of the absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes
  • Optical detection of single non-absorbing molecules using the surface plasmon resonance of a gold nanorod
  • Strongly modified plasmon-matter interaction with mesoscopic quantum emitters
  • Quantum interference in plasmonic circuits
  • Laser design, materials and resonators
  • Light matter interaction
  • Generation of intense, short pulses
  • Current laser applications in science, industry and medicine
Nonlinear OpticsHide
  • Generation and detection of ultrashort pulses
  • Nonlinear, ultrafast optical effects
  • Methods of femtosecond-spectroscopy
  • Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging
Optical properties of organic semiconductorsHide
  • Electronic states and transitions
  • From the gas phase to the condensed phase
  • Excitons
  • Comparison of organic and inorganic semiconductors

The lecture covers chapters 1 & 2 of the textbook Electronic Process in Organic Semiconductors, A. Köhler & H. Bässler, Wiley-VCH

​Physics of organic semiconductor devicesHide
  • Mechanisms of charge injection and transport
  • Dissociation and recombination of excitons
  • Solar cells, light emitting diodes, field effect transistors
  • Characterisation of semiconductor devices

The lecture covers chapters 3&4 of the textbook Electronic Process in Organic Semiconductors, A. Köhler & H. Bässler, Wiley-VCH

Advanced Theoretical Physics

Advanced quantum mechanicsHide
  • many-body theory
  • Light-matter interaction
  • field quantization
Mechanics of the continuumsHide
  • Continuum mechanics as a general framework that can describe both the flow of liquids and the deformation of solids
  • Understanding the basic physical principles and relationships
  • Applications such as turbulence or biofluidics
Quantum theory of condensed matterHide
  • Bandstructur
  • Phonons
  • superconductivity
Introduction to quantum mechanical density functional theoryHide
  • Thomas-Fermi Model
  • Kohn-Sham Theory
  • Exchange-correlation functionals
Molecular dynamics of biophysical systemsHide
  • Getting to know molecular dynamics simulations as an important tool in chemical and biological physics
  • Understanding of the principles and algorithms
  • Understand and apply advanced methods such as Umbrella Sampling or Metadynamics
  • general principles of computer simulations in physics
  • Numerical basics: machine accuracy, systems of equations, integration
  • partial differential equations
  • nonlinear optimization 
  • Parallellisierung

Advanced experimental physics

Collective phenomena in solidsHide
  • Magnetism in condensed matter
  • Magnetic materials
Polymer physicsHide
  • chain models
  • collective characteristics
  • rheology
  • polymer solutions and mixtures, phase diagrams
  • structure factor and scattering methods
Pattern formation in living matterHide
  • Demixing phenomena in cells
  • Oscillations and circadian rhythm
  • Turing pattern in cell and developmental biology   
  • swarming
Synchrotronstrahlung und der freie ElektronenlaserHide
  • Generation and properties of synchrotron radiation  
  • The X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL)
  • Applications of synchrotron and XFEL radiation
Nuclear and energy physicsHide
  • Fundamentals of Nuclear Physics: Properties of stable nuclei, nuclear models, unstable nuclei / radioactivity 
  • nuclear fission
  • reactor technology
  • nuclear Fusion
  • photovoltaics, physics of the solar cell
  • use of wind energy
Crystallography in solid state physicsHide
  • Part 1: "Synchrotron radiation and the free electron laser"   
  • Aperiodic crystals: quasicrystals and modulated crystals    
  • Superspace theory for modulated crystals
Introduction to plasma physicsHide
  • Basic properties of plasmas: gas discharges, radio frequency heated plasmas, high temperature plasmas
  • Description of plasmas: single particle motion, kinetic description, magnetohydrodynamics
  • Elastic and inelastic atomic collisions, transport and diffusion
  • Plasma diagnostics, plasma boundary
Introduction to nuclear fusion researchHide
  • How energy can be generated by nuclear fusion of hydrogen in a plasma
  • Basics of plasma confinement in a magnetic field
  • Equilibrium configurations and their stability
  • Heating and diagnostics of a nuclear fusion plasma

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